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A Legal Slave Uprising? | United States v. The Amistad

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For more about the Amistad Case, check out "Mutiny on the Amistad: The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy" by Howard Jones, available here: amzn.to/2OhyMmM
In episode 37 of Supreme Court Briefs, a slave uprising on a ship called The Amistad leads it to the shores of the United States, where the Supreme Court eventually determines their fate.
This episode was suggested by my wonderful Patreon supporter Elcaspar! Want a specific SCOTUS case covered? Your idea gets picked when you donate on Patreon: www.patreon.com/iammrbeat
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Produced by Matt Beat. All images and video used under fair use, original content, or found in the public domain. Music by Electric Needle Room (Matt Beat).
Check out cool primary sources here:
www.oyez.org/cases/1789-1850/None
Other sources used:
www.gilderlehrman.org/content/john-quincy-adams-and-amistad-case-1841
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._The_Amistad
caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/40/518.html
www.history.com/topics/amistad-case
www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/summary.html
www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/priorhist.html
www.virginia.edu/woodson/courses/aas405c/talk.htm
Photo credits:
DanTD
Havana, Cuba
June 27, 1839
A Spanish ship called The Amistad (ahmichad) leaves for the Province of Puerto Principe (prince e pay), another part of Cuba. On board, 53 illegally purchased African slaves. On July 2nd, one of the slaves broke free and freed others on the ship. Soon there was an uprising. After a big struggle that resulted in the deaths of the captain of the ship and at least three others, the slaves took over the ship, forcing two dudes named Jose Ruiz and Pedro Montez to redirect the ship across the Atlantic Ocean to Africa. Ruiz and Montez deceived the Africans, however, and ended up sailing the Amistad up the east coast of the United States, dropping anchor just off the coast of Long Island, New York, on August 26, 1839.
The United States Revenue Cutter Service...wait wait a second...What the heck is this organization? Well just think of them as the Coast Guard before the Coast Guard existed. Anyway, the United States Revenue Cutter Service, led by Americans Thomas Gedney and Richard Meade, arrested the Africans after they reached the shore and took custody of the Amistad. Gedney and Meade made sure the Africans were brought to Connecticut, since slavery was still technically legal in that state.
After President Martin Van Buren found out about them, he was like, send them back to Cuba to go on trial. Spain, who controlled Cuba at the time, was like “yeah, bring them here.” After all, the Amistad was a Spanish ship and Ruiz and Montez were Spanish citizens. Britain chimed in since they had a deal with Spain prohibiting the slave trade south of the equator and said that this slave uprising at sea fell under international law. But a bunch of abolitionists were ultimately able to pressure the United States government to keep the Africans in the country, and they got a trial in the District of Connecticut. Keep in mind that at the time, the slave trade was illegal in the United States. The Africans were charged with mutiny and murder.
In court, there were a lot of people involved and wanting stuff. First, Ruiz and Montez argued the Africans were slaves and their property. They also argued that since the slave trade was legal in Spain, they had a right to regain control of them. And then there was a lawyer representing Spain, who argued the the slaves rightfully be returned to Ruiz and Montez or sent back to Africa. The Africans, who were represented by an abolitionist group called the Amistad Committee, all argued that they were born free in their native Africa and unlawfully kidnapped to be sold as slaves. Plus, they landed in New York, where slavery was illegal. The Amistad Committee also accused Ruiz and Montez of assault, kidnapping, and false imprisonment. And then, Gedney, as well as several others who helped Ruiz and Montez “rescue” the “cargo,” aka Africans, argued they deserved a piece of the pie. They were like, we helped you get your slaves, so can we have a few? Another Spanish dude named Antonio Vega tried to get the captain’s personal slave, claiming he actually owned him. Whew. What a mess of a case.
The district court ruled that the Africans aboard the Amistad were unlawfully kidnapped, and ordered the U.S. government to return them to Africa. It was appealed by Martin Van Buren to the Circuit Court and then to the Supreme Court.

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3 ago 2018

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Comentarios 173
mitzvah golem
mitzvah golem Hace un mes
Haiti uprising
Kyle Maljevac
Kyle Maljevac Hace 3 meses
Interesting that Roger B. Taney voted in favour for Amistad, cause he's the supreme court judge that gave the Dred Scott decision. The worst Supreme Court decision in American History!
Tom Patterson
Tom Patterson Hace 5 meses
United States v. Ninety-Five Barrels Alleged Apple Cider Vinegar
crushsatan
crushsatan Hace 8 meses
Please discuss the legal case for or against reparations for the descendants of slaves, thanks.
Thomas Kolter
Thomas Kolter Hace 9 meses
The movie was excellent and I recommend seeing it. *Amistad*
amar karim
amar karim Hace un año
please keep making videos...Its going to be special.
SiVlog
SiVlog Hace un año
When I first heard of the Revenue Cutter Service, I first thought it was just a fancy name for tax collectors
diegotz8
diegotz8 Hace un año
The Supreme Court briefs are the best, it's a shame not so much people get to see them, please keep them coming!
Jayden Townsend
Jayden Townsend Hace un año
Been binging your stuff for dayzzzz.
Carl Clausewitz
Carl Clausewitz Hace un año
It is interesting that Taney voted for the Africans in this case, but voted differently in the Dred Scott v. Sandford.
Ian Moore
Ian Moore Hace un año
The coast guard did exist
Jose Starks
Jose Starks Hace un año
Wow! Slaves earn the right to not be called slaves and to go back home in the 1840s! That's astounding!
mr knocc down a flower chongo killa flower killa
Only because they was kidnapped a lot was and never returned 😭😭
Christian Topayung
Christian Topayung Hace un año
It's amazing that Chief Justice Taney vote in support for The Amistad
TheSSUltimateGoku
TheSSUltimateGoku Hace un año
So the one justice died before giving his opinion which means they would’ve only had eight justices at the time so it could have ended in a tie which is not a good thing luckily only one person vote against the africans. Making it a landslide victory and not needing a tiebreaker.
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
If it is a tie it goes to the lower decision.
Vim de Zim
Vim de Zim Hace un año
For shame......I read boobstrap boards :(
Nuno Cunhá Ataide
Nuno Cunhá Ataide Hace un año
Os feitos portugueses causaram muita admiração em Roma; e Deus quis que Miguel Ângelo desse testemunho disso, para os que haveriam de vir, no painel principal da Capela Sistina (sobre o altar-mor), pintando a cena "o resgate dos escravos" (na qual Portugal com um longo rosário faz subir a África e a Índia). Entre as dezenas de figuras desenhadas por Miguel Ângelo na famosa pintura "Juízo Final" - almas perdidas, anjos, demónios, apóstolos e santos - destacam-se dois homens pendentes num rosário, em movimento ascendente de Salvação. Eles estabelecem uma relação simbólica com Portugal. São um negro e um indiano agarrados a um terço. O primeiro representa o continente africano, o segundo o mundo oriental e o rosário representa a oração. Falta um índio da América - facto que talvez se possa atribuir à animosidade que então reinava contra os espanhóis. Mas a mensagem é clara: levado pelos missionários portugueses, o Evangelho salvaria o novo mundo do Fim dos Tempos.
arman rezaee
arman rezaee Hace un año
dude your channel is so good
Tom
Tom Hace un año
Just had a prager u ad which reduced my iq by 30%, so i have to watch a mr beat video to fix it. But now im even smarter than before. Thanks mr beat
jere9maz
jere9maz Hace un año
mr beat! your wife is a babe bro
Shannon Beat
Shannon Beat Hace un año
I was sick this day and wasn't feeling well. But, I'll do anything for the hubs. 😍😎😃
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
Of course. That's why I married her.
Darrel Jones
Darrel Jones Hace un año
This US Supreme Court ruling was one of the few noteworthy events that happened during William Henry Harrison's month long Presidency,
erez rosenhek
erez rosenhek Hace un año
I like the whiteboard at the end
J.K B
J.K B Hace un año
Thank you so much for doing the video. Can you also do: Miranda v. Arizona Tennessee v. Garner Castle Rock v. Gonzales
Mr. Hooty
Mr. Hooty Hace un año
I just looked through your videos and saw that the Supreme Court brief videos don’t get as many views as your other videos. This I simply do not understand. These videos are AMAZING! I really hope these videos catch on because they’re amazingly entertaining and educational.
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
That means so much. Thank you!
Mr. Hooty
Mr. Hooty Hace un año
Please never stop making this show! It’s a perfect blend of being educational and interesting! Sometimes real life is just really fascinating and Supreme Court cases offer a treasure trove of fascinating history (both in good and bad decisions).
strider04
strider04 Hace un año
I have actually seen the ship its at mystic seaport if i recall correctly
Michael Benedict
Michael Benedict Hace un año
I would love it if you did Schenck v. United States
genocide amerika
genocide amerika Hace un año
Caucasians are foreign invaders to the Americas Caucasians are the multi in multicultural (since people were already living in America) Caucasians are the diverse in diversity (since people were already living in america) Africa for Africans Asia for Asians Americas for amerindians Australia for aborigines Europe for Africans Antarctica for Africans New Zealand for maori Caucasus mountains for Caucasians Whites really think they are "real Americans"Just shows you the white supremacy propaganda machinery at work
carlos tha rippa
carlos tha rippa Hace un año
do portland and portland!!!!!
Angel Ruiz
Angel Ruiz Hace un año
Or Nebraska vs. Kansas compared
Angel Ruiz
Angel Ruiz Hace un año
Please do Omaha vs. Des Moines
Nicholas DiBari
Nicholas DiBari Hace un año
Once again Mr. Beat you made an awesome video!
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
Thanks so much! :D
Norman M. Stewart
Norman M. Stewart Hace un año
Mr. Beat, can you cover Minor v. Happersett and Leser v. Garnett? Important SCOTUS decisions in the history of American women's suffrage.
ShadowFoxyAndy
ShadowFoxyAndy Hace un año
Chan you do Bush v gore
MiloGumball
MiloGumball Hace un año
Had to be a Baldwin
ארז קורן
ארז קורן Hace un año
Great video! Also, nice board at the end
John Martinez
John Martinez Hace un año
I cant be the only one waiting for this channel to blow up
joaohumbg
joaohumbg Hace un año
What I find really ironic is the ship's name. "Amistad" means friendship in Spanish. There's nothing more friendly than slavery, right?
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
All my friends are my slaves!
dugroz
dugroz Hace un año
Still love the intro.
dosmastrify
dosmastrify Hace un año
Give us, us free
Nathan Albright
Nathan Albright Hace un año
I think it's kiki do you love me time :D
reakwon693
reakwon693 Hace un año
Man, these are the only videos of u that I watch, and I literally watch all of your Supreme Court briefs! So dude pls keep on doing them
Shannon Beat
Shannon Beat Hace un año
reakwon693 thanks for watching!
the amazing Luigi
the amazing Luigi Hace un año
Oh Mr bent
VICTOR KIEDROWSKI
VICTOR KIEDROWSKI Hace un año
Wow this was surprising.
PHILIP GAGARIN
PHILIP GAGARIN Hace un año
Do Paul v. Virginia next Mr.Beat
Finite Wehosh
Finite Wehosh Hace un año
I look forward to the dance. MEWHAHAHAHAHHAHAHAHAHAHA.
Dansih Jargon
Dansih Jargon Hace un año
Don't to that Mr beat pls don't
The Questions We Ask
Get ready to make a fool out of yourself with that challenge :3
The Questions We Ask
Mr. Beat A high school teacher who is used to making a fool of themselves? NEVER!
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
Don't worry! I'm totally used to it.
Natedagreat0101
Natedagreat0101 Hace un año
I woulda liked but don't wanna see you do some dumb challenge. NEXT
S T
S T Hace un año
Just found this. Liked. Subscribed. Alerted. Great stuff, man!
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
And thank you so much!
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
Welcome!!!
Garrett Archer
Garrett Archer Hace un año
Rad
raymondluxuryacht86
raymondluxuryacht86 Hace un año
What was the minority opinion on this one?
Victor Warmflash
Victor Warmflash Hace un año
Like #629. A little late to the party I think
Xiao'sChannel
Xiao'sChannel Hace un año
I really love this series btw.
Xiao'sChannel
Xiao'sChannel Hace un año
You should talk to guys at complexly! aka hank green or someone works for him. I got to your channel because of his video about the court system. I'm sure he would promote what you're doing.
Xiao'sChannel
Xiao'sChannel Hace un año
Mr. Beat The U.S. Federal Court System: esvid.net/group/PLrrb6Kww-RX1XX82FSpJGVna8Nx7yTADc
Mr. Beat
Mr. Beat Hace un año
That is awesome. Wait he promoted it?!? I actually met Hank in June.
Joe Swift
Joe Swift Hace un año
Don’t worry about the views on these videos. True fans of the channel like these videos more than any other. Just the way the ESvid algorithm is geared towards videos like “top 5 lists” those videos end up being recommended more often. But trust me, these videos are truly the most informative and entertaining series on your channel.
Fermain Jackson
Fermain Jackson Hace un año
This case was such a mess.... Ironically, "Amistad" mean friendship in Spanish..... LOL 👍 😎
Shannon Beat
Shannon Beat Hace un año
Fermain Jackson and it is in a song by The Fray I keep thinking of...
Fermain Jackson
Fermain Jackson Hace un año
442th like
dugroz
dugroz Hace un año
Four-hundred forty-twoth?
King Peppy
King Peppy Hace un año
884th like, whats the weather like way up there on Mt. Notification Squad
Shane Langnes
Shane Langnes Hace un año
I love your videos Mr. Beat, keep going don't get discouraged! Great content like yours is what keeps me coming back!
Darth Cookie
Darth Cookie Hace un año
540th like. Go Kiki's Delivery Service!
Arcana IX
Arcana IX Hace un año
You have to do it.
A continuación
U.S. v. Amistad
15:14
Amistad
0:36
Vistas 618